• Biodeterioration affecting efficiency and lifetime of plastic-based photovoltaics 

      Schmidt, Felix; Lenz, Markus; Schaeffer, Andreas; Zimmermann, Yannick; Alves dos Reis Benatto, Gisele; Kolvenbach, Boris; Krebs, Frederik (2020-09-16)
      Joule
      The low environmental impact of electricity generation using solar cells crucially depends on high energy-conversion efficiencies, long lifetimes and a minimal energy and material demand during production. Emerging thin-film ...
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    • Incineration of organic solar cells: Efficient end of life management by quantitative silver recovery 

      Sondergaard, Roar R.; Zimmermann, Yannick; Lenz, Markus; Krebs, Frederik; Martinez Espinosa, Nieves (2016)
      Energy & Environmental Science
      Recovery of silver from the electrodes of roll-​to-​roll processed org. solar cells after incineration has been performed quant. by extn. with nitric acid. This procedure is more than 10 times faster than previous reports ...
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    • Outdoor fate and environmental impact of polymer solar cells through leaching and emission to rainwater and soil 

      Martinez Espinosa, Nieves; Zimmermann, Yannick; dos Reis Benatto, Gisele A.; Lenz, Markus; Krebs, Frederik (2016)
      Energy & Environmental Science
      The emission of silver and zinc to the aq. environment (rain, fog, dew) from polymer solar cells installed outdoors is presented. Studies included pristine solar cells and solar cells subjected to mech. damage under natural ...
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