Kuentz, Martin

Kuentz, Martin


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 2 von 2
  • Publikation
    Study and computational modeling of fatty acid effects on drug solubility in lipid-based systems
    (Elsevier, 06/2022) Wyttenbach, Nicole; Ectors, Philipp; Niederquell, Andreas; Kuentz, Martin [in: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences]
    Lipid-based systems have many advantages in formulation of poorly water-soluble drugs but issues of a limited solvent capacity are often encountered in development. One of the possible solubilization approaches of especially basic drugs could be the addition of fatty acids to oils but currently, a systematic study is lacking. Therefore, the present work investigated apparently neutral and basic drugs in medium chain triglycerides (MCT) alone and with added either caproic acid (C6), caprylic acid (C8), capric acid (C10) or oleic acid (C18:1) at different levels (5 – 20%, w/w). A miniaturized solubility assay was used together with X-ray diffraction to analyze the residual solid and finally, solubility data were modeled using the conductor-like screening model for real solvents (COSMO-RS). Some drug bases had an MCT solubility of only a few mg/ml or less but addition of fatty acids provided in some formulations exceptional drug loading of up to about 20% (w/w). The solubility changes were in general more pronounced the shorter the chain length was and the longest oleic acid even displayed a negative effect in mixtures of celecoxib and fenofibrate. The COSMO-RS prediction accuracy was highly specific for the given compounds with root mean square errors (RMSE) ranging from an excellent 0.07 to a highest value of 1.12. The latter was obtained with the strongest model base pimozide for which a new solid form was found in some samples. In conclusion, targeting specific molecular interactions with the solute combined with mechanistic modeling provides new tools to advance lipid-based drug delivery.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Machine Estimation of Drug Melting Properties and Influence on Solubility Prediction
    (American Chemical Society, 04.06.2020) Wyttenbach, Nicole; Niederquell, Andreas; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    There has been much recent interest in machine learning (ML) and molecular quantitative structure property relationships (QSPR). The present research evaluated modern ML-based methods implemented in commercial software (COSMOquick and Molecular Modeling Pro), compared to a classical group contribution approach (Joback and Reid method), to estimate melting points and enthalpy of fusion values. A broad data set of market compounds was gathered from the literature, together with new data measured by differential scanning calorimetry for drug candidates. The highest prediction accuracy was achieved by QSPR using stochastic gradient boosting. The model deviations were discussed, particularly the implications on thermodynamic solubility modeling, as this typically requires estimation of both melting point and enthalpy of fusion. The results suggested that despite considerable advancement in prediction accuracy, there are still limitations especially with complex drug candidates. It is recommended that in such cases, melting properties obtained in silico should be used carefully as input data for thermodynamic solubility modeling. Future research will show how the prediction limits of thermophysical drug properties can be further advanced by even larger data sets and other ML algorithms or also by using molecular simulations.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift