Kuentz, Martin

Kuentz, Martin


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 5 von 5
  • Publikation
    Incorporation of HPMCAS during loading of glibenclamide onto mesoporous silica improves dissolution and inhibits precipitation
    (Elsevier, 01/2020) Price, Daniel J.; Nair, Anita; Becker-Baldus, Johanna; Glaubitz, Clemens; Kuentz, Martin; Dressman, Jennifer; Saal, Christoph [in: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences]
    Mesoporous silica has emerged as an enabling formulation for poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Unlike other formulations, mesoporous silica typically does not inhibit precipitation of supersaturated API therefore, a suitable precipitation inhibitor (PI) should be added to increase absorption from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, there is limited research about optimal processes for combining PIs with silica formulations. Typically, the PI is added by simply blending the API-loaded silica mechanically with the selected PI. This has the drawback of an additional blending step and may also not be optimal with regard to release of drug and PI. By contrast, loading PI simultaneously with the API onto mesoporous silica, i.e. co-incorporation, is attractive from both a performance and practical perspective. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utility of a co-incorporation approach for combining PIs with silica formulations, and to develop a mechanistic rationale for improvement of the performance of silica formulations using the co-incorporation approach. The results indicate that co-incorporating HPMCAS with glibenclamide onto silica significantly improved the extent and duration of drug supersaturation in single-medium and transfer dissolution experiments. Extensive spectroscopic characterization of the formulation revealed that the improved performance was related to the formation of drug-polymer interactions already in the solid state; the immobilization of API-loaded silica on HPMCAS plates, which prevents premature release and precipitation of API; and drug-polymer proximity on disintegration of the formulation, allowing for rapid onset of precipitation inhibition. The data suggests that co-incorporating the PI with the API is appealing for silica formulations from both a practical and formulation performance perspective.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Early stages of drug crystallization from amorphous solid dispersion via fractal analysis based on chemical imaging
    (Elsevier, 12/2018) Kuentz, Martin; Abreu-Villela, Renata; Schönenberger, Monica; Caraballo, Isidoro [in: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics]
    Early stages of crystallization from amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) are typically not detected by means of standard methods like powder X-ray diffraction (XRPD). The aim of this study is therefore to evaluate if fractal analysis based on energy dispersive X-ray imaging can provide the means to identify early signs of physical instability. ASDs of the poorly water-soluble compound, felodipine (FEL) were prepared by solvent evaporation using different grades of HPMCAS, at 50 wt% drug loading. Samples were stored at accelerated conditions of 40 °C. Scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) was used for elemental mapping of tablet surfaces. Comparative data were generated with a standard XRPD and with more sensitive methods for detection of early instability, i.e. laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The SEM-EDS identified changes of drug-rich domains that were confirmed by LSM and AFM. Early changes in drug clusters were also revealed by a multifractal analysis that indicated a beginning phase separation and drug crystallization. Therefore, the presented fractal cluster analysis based on chemical imaging bears much promise as a new method to detect early signs of physical instability in ASD, which is of great relevance for pharmaceutical development.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy of drug distribution in solid dispersions and interpretation by multifractal geometry
    (Elsevier, 2018) Abreu-Villela, Renata; Adler, Camille; Caraballo, Isidoro; Kuentz, Martin [in: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis]
    Much contemporary research of poorly water-soluble drugs focuses on amorphous solid dispersions (SDs) for oral drug delivery. Recently, a multifractal formalism has been introduced to describe the distribution of an inorganic carrier in SDs. The present work attempts to directly image model drugs by means of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The compounds amlodipine, felodipine, glyburide, and indomethacine, which include halogens to enable sufficient scattering in energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, were employed to prepare SDs with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) by using a microwave method. Following chemical imaging, it was demonstrated that drug distribution was best described by multifractals, which was clearly superior to a monofractal assumption. The obtained fractal dimensions were influenced by drug loading and it was possible to detect microstructural changes upon addition of the plasticizer urea. Accordingly, the multifractal approach bears much potential to better explore the analytical results of chemical formulation imaging. Insights can be gained from the microstructural organization of SDs, which is interesting to further study formulation and process factors as well as physical stability.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Glass-forming ability of compounds in marketed amorphous drug products
    (Elsevier, 03/2017) Wyttenbach, Nicole; Kuentz, Martin [in: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics]
    This note is about the glass-forming ability (GFA) of drugs marketed as amorphous solid dispersions or as pure amorphous compounds. A thermoanalytical method was complemented with an in silico study, which made use of molecular properties that were identified earlier as being relevant for GFA. Thus, molar volume together with effective numbers of torsional bonds and hydrogen bonding were used to map drugs that are as amorphous products on the market either as solid dispersion of without co-processed carrier as amorphous drug in a solid dosage form. Differential scanning calorimetry experiments showed that most compounds were stable glass formers (GFs) (class III) followed by so-called unstable GFs (class II) and finally, only vemurafenib was found in class I with increased crystallization propensity. The in silico results, however showed that all drugs were either clearly in the chemical space expected for GFs or they were borderline to the region that holds for high crystallization tendency. Interestingly, the pure amorphous compounds scattered in a very confined region of the molecular predictors. These findings can guide amorphous product development of future drug candidates. Based on the compound location in the given chemical space, amorphous formulation opportunities can be balanced against the risks of physical instability upon storage.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Multifractal and mechanical analysis of amorphous solid dispersions
    (Elsevier, 2017) Adler, Camille; Kuentz, Martin; Teleki, Alexandra [in: International Journal of Pharmaceutics]
    The formulation of lipophilic and hydrophobic compounds is a challenge for the pharmaceutical industry and it requires the development of complex formulations. Our first aim was to investigate hot-melt extrudate microstructures by means of multifractal analysis using scanning electron microscopy imaging. Since the microstructure can affect solid dosage form performance such as mechanical properties, a second objective was to study the influence of the type of adsorbent and of the presence of an amorphous compound on extrudate hardness. β-Carotene (BC) was chosen as poorly water-soluble model compound. Formulations containing a polymer, a lipid and two different silica based inorganic carriers were produced by hot-melt extrusion. Based on scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, the obtained images were analyzed using multifractal formalism. The breaking force of the strands was assessed by a three point bending test. Multifractal analysis and three point bending results showed that the nature of interparticle interactions in the inorganic carrier as well as the presence of amorphous BC had an influence on the microstructure and thus on the mechanical performance. The use of multifractal analysis and the study of the mechanical properties were complementary to better characterize and understand complex formulations obtained by hot-melt extrusion.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift