Ditzinger, Felix

Ditzinger, Felix


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 4 von 4
  • Publikation
    In Vivo Performance of Innovative Polyelectrolyte Matrices for Hot Melt Extrusion of Amorphous Drug Systems
    (American Chemical Society, 2020) Ditzinger, Felix; Wieland, Rebecca; Statelova, Marina; Vertzoni, Maria; Holm, Rene; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    Hot melt extrusion of amorphous systems has become a pivotal technology to cope with challenges of poorly water-soluble drugs. Previous research showed that small molecular additives with targeted molecular interactions enabled introduction of a polyelectrolyte matrix into hot melt extrusion that would otherwise not be possible to process due to the unfavorable properties upon heating of the pure polymer. Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium (NaCMC) with lysine or alternatively meglumine led to modified polymeric matrices that showed adequate processability by hot melt extrusion and yielded stable amorphous formulations. The investigated formulations, including fenofibrate as a model drug, were characterized by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and viscosity measurements after aqueous dispersion. Further biopharmaceutical assessment started with biorelevant nonsink dissolution testing followed by a pharmacokinetic in vivo study in rats. The in vitro assessment showed superiority of the lysine-containing formulation in the extent of in vitro supersaturation and overall drug release. In accordance with this, the in vivo study also demonstrated increased exposure of the amorphous formulations and in particular for the system containing lysine. In summary, the combination of polyelectrolytes with interacting additives presents a promising opportunity for the formulation of poorly water-soluble drugs.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Opportunities for Successful Stabilization of Poor Glass-Forming Drugs: A Stability-Based Comparison of Mesoporous Silica Versus Hot Melt Extrusion Technologies
    (Elsevier, 04.11.2019) Ditzinger, Felix; Price, Daniel J.; Nair, Anita; Becker-Baldus, Johanna; Glaubitz, Clemens; Dressman, Jennifer; Saal, Christoph; Kuentz, Martin [in: Pharmaceutics]
    Amorphous formulation technologies to improve oral absorption of poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) have become increasingly prevalent. Currently, polymer-based amorphous formulations manufactured by spray drying, hot melt extrusion (HME), or co-precipitation are most common. However, these technologies have challenges in terms of the successful stabilization of poor glass former compounds in the amorphous form. An alternative approach is mesoporous silica, which stabilizes APIs in non-crystalline form via molecular adsorption inside nano-scale pores. In line with these considerations, two poor glass formers, haloperidol and carbamazepine, were formulated as polymer-based solid dispersion via HME and with mesoporous silica, and their stability was compared under accelerated conditions. Changes were monitored over three months with respect to solid-state form and dissolution. The results were supported by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (SS-NMR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was demonstrated that mesoporous silica was more successful than HME in the stabilization of the selected poor glass formers. While both drugs remained non-crystalline during the study using mesoporous silica, polymer-based HME formulations showed recrystallization after one week. Thus, mesoporous silica represents an attractive technology to extend the formulation toolbox to poorly soluble poor glass formers.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Modified Polymer Matrix in Pharmaceutical Hot Melt Extrusion by Molecular Interactions with a Carboxylic Coformer
    (American Chemical Society, 2019) Ditzinger, Felix; Scherer, Uta Maria; Schönenberger, Monica; Holm, Rene; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    Hot melt extrusion (HME) has become an essential technology to cope with an increasing number of poorly soluble drug candidates. However, there is only a limited choice of pharmaceutical polymers for obtaining suitable amorphous solid dispersions (ASD). Considerations of miscibility, stability, and biopharmaceutical performance narrow the selection of excipients, and further technical constraints arise from needed pharmaceutical processing. The present work introduces the concept of molecularly targeted interactions of a coformer with a polymer to design a new matrix for HME. Model systems of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate copolymer, Eudragit E (EE), and bicarboxylic acids were studied, and pronounced molecular interactions were demonstrated by 1H, 13C NMR, FTIR spectroscopy, as well as by different techniques of microscopic imaging. A difference was shown between new formulations exploiting specifically the targeted molecular interactions and a common drug−polymer formulation. More specifically, a modified matrix with Malic acid exhibited a technical extrusion advantage over polymer alone, and there was a benefit of improved physical stability revealed for the drug fenofibrate. This model compound displayed greatly enhanced dissolution kinetics from the ASD formulations. It can be concluded that harnessing molecularly designed polymer modifications by coformers has much potential in solid dispersion technology and in particular regarding HME processing.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Polyelectrolytes in Hot Melt Extrusion: A Combined Solvent-Based and Interacting Additive Technique for Solid Dispersions
    (Elsevier, 2019) Ditzinger, Felix; Dejoie, Catherine; Sisak Jung, Dubravka; Kuentz, Martin [in: Pharmaceutics]
    Solid dispersions are important supersaturating formulations to orally deliver poorly water-soluble drugs. A most important process technique is hot melt extrusion but process requirements limit the choice of suitable polymers. One way around this limitation is to synthesize new polymers. However, their disadvantage is that they require toxicological qualification and present regulatory hurdles for their market authorization. Therefore, this study follows an alternative approach, where new polymeric matrices are created by combining a known polymer, small molecular additives, and an initial solvent-based process step. The polyelectrolyte, carboxymethylcellulose sodium (NaCMC), was tested in combination with different additives such as amino acids, meglumine, trometamol, and urea. It was possible to obtain a new polyelectrolyte matrix that was viable for manufacturing by hot melt extrusion. The amount of additives had to be carefully tuned to obtain an amorphous polymer matrix. This was achieved by probing the matrix using several analytical techniques, such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, hot stage microscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. Next, the obtained matrices had to be examined to ensure the homogeneous distribution of the components and the possible residual crystallinity. As this analysis requires probing a sample on several points and relies on high quality data, X-ray diffraction and starring techniques at a synchrotron source had to be used. Particularly promising with NaCMC was the addition of lysine as well as meglumine. Further research is needed to harness the novel matrix with drugs in amorphous formulations.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift