Cyclodextrin-based polymeric materials for the specific recovery of polyphenolic compounds through supramolecular host-guest interactions
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While the specific recovery of valuable chemicals from waste streams represents an environmentally-friendly and potentially economically-relevant alternative to synthetic chemical productions, it remains a largely unmet challenge. This is partially explained by the complexity of designing sorption materials able to target one specific compound and able to function in complex matrices. In this work, a series of cyclodextrin-based polymers (CDPs) were designed to selectively extract phenolic compounds from a complex organic matrix that is olive oil mill wastewater (OMW). In order to endow these polymers with selective adsorption properties, several monomers and cross-linkers were screened and selected. The adsorption properties of the CDPs produced were first tested with selected phenolic compounds commonly found in OMW, namely syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, tyrosol and caffeic acid. The selected CDPs were subsequently tested for their ability to adsorb phenolic compounds directly from OMW, which is known to possess a high and complex organic content. It was demonstrated through high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy analyses that efficient removal of phenolic compounds from OMW could be achieved but also that two compounds, namely tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol, could be selectively extracted from OMW.
DOI der Originalausgabehttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10847-017-0708-6
Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry