Paul Kleeʼs »Honey-Writing«: Some Reflections on the Relation of Automatism, Automation, Machines and Mathematics
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Paul Klee is often treated as a painter of dreamlike sujets. At the same time he worked method based, using a kind of automatism (close to surrealist’s écriture automatique) as well as mathematical procedures. This chapter wants to show which roles mathematics plays in his practice and theory of creation, which both will be reconstructed with a special view to Klee’s graphical work, and how this is connected with his machine thinking. One hypothesis is that Klee not only worked with painted and built machines, but also with graphical ones (on paper), based on mathematical procedures, to realise a kind of automation. As the graphical machines enable an oblivion of sense and a liberation from rationality it becomes interesting to examine the relationship of automatism and automation. That is why the approach here is to think automatism, automation, machines and mathematics together, referring to theories of design, draft, notation, diagrammatics and notational iconicity. This chapter contributes to theories of artistic production, media and creativity as well as the current human–machine debate.
Imagine Math 7: Between Culture and Mathematics
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