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dc.contributor.authorHall, Monika
dc.contributor.authorGeissler, Achim
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-15T09:14:40Z
dc.date.available2021-12-15T09:14:40Z
dc.date.issued2021-12-13
dc.identifier.doidoi.org/10.3390/en14248391
dc.identifier.urihttps://irf.fhnw.ch/handle/11654/32960
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.26041/fhnw-4015
dc.description.abstractWith the increasing use of renewable energy, the energy flexibility of buildings becomes increasingly important regarding grid support. Therefore, there is a need to describe this flexibility in a concise manner. For the characterization of building energy flexibility, flexibility factors can be used. The comparison of a selection of existing flexibility factors shows that they are not easy to use or understand for designers and users. A simplification is necessary. The aim of this study is to introduce a flexibility classification that is easy to understand and shows in an easy way if a building already uses the lowest energy cost level or if further improvement is possible. The classification expresses the annual energy costs in colored classes: green (class A) for lowest up to red (class D) for highest level. Basically, the flexibility classes can be derived for any metric of interest, in this paper examples are shown for energy costs and CO2eq emissions. The results given are based on the simulation of load management scenarios with different penalty signals applied for the heat pump operation of a residential building.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/14/24/8391en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnergiesen_US
dc.accessRightsAnonymous*
dc.subjectenergy flexible buildingsen_US
dc.subjectflexibibility factorsen_US
dc.subjectflexibility classificationen_US
dc.subjectpenalty signalsen_US
dc.subjectheat pump controlen_US
dc.subjectload managementen_US
dc.subjectdemand responseen_US
dc.subjectenergy costen_US
dc.subjectCO2 emissionen_US
dc.subjectself-consumptionen_US
dc.titleComparison of Flexibility Factors and Introduction of A Flexibility Classification Using Advanced Heat Pump Controlen_US
dc.type01 - Zeitschriftenartikel, Journalartikel oder Magazin*
dc.volume14(24)en_US
dc.spatialBaselen_US
fhnw.publicationStatePublisheden_US
fhnw.ReviewTypeAnonymous ex ante peer review of a complete publicationen_US
fhnw.InventedHereYesen_US
fhnw.pagination8391en_US
fhnw.IsStudentsWorknoen_US


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