Liebig, Brigitte

Liebig, Brigitte


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 10 von 14
  • Publikation
    Should I Stay, or Should I Go?Job Satisfaction as a Moderating Factor between Outcome Expectations and Entrepreneurial Intention among Academics
    (Springer, 2021) Bläse, Richard; Schneider, Noemi; Liebig, Brigitte [in: International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal]
    Both psychological and entrepreneurship research emphasize the pivotal role of job satisfaction in the process of entrepreneurial career decisions. In fact, a co-relationship between entrepreneurial intention, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment was demonstrated recently. Prior research operationalized entrepreneurial careers as an escape from poor work environments; thus, there is a lack of understanding regarding how job-satisfaction and outcome expectations can motivate and trigger academic entrepreneurship within and related to the environment of universities (e.g., spin-off activities). In this study, drawing on Social Cognitive Career Theory delineated by Lent and colleagues and the concept of entrepreneurial intention, we addressed the role of job satisfaction as a moderating factor between outcome expectations and entrepreneurial intention. Furthermore, we examined to what extent (a) entrepreneurial intention and (b) spin-off intention are determined by certain outcome expectations and perceived behavioral control. This paper purports to study academic researchers in specialized and non-technical fields and builds on a survey of 593 academic researchers at Swiss Universities of Applied Science (UAS). Supporting our hypothesis, we showed that outcome expectations are a significant predictor for entrepreneurial intentions, in general, and spin-off intentions, in particular. Finally, a multi-group analysis corroborated that job dissatisfaction partly operates as a motivational factor in entrepreneurial transition and interactions with entrepreneurial outcome expectations. In conclusion, the concept of job satisfaction and the theoretical approach of Social Cognitive Career Theory seems to be relevant to study and to encourage academic entrepreneurship as career decisions of the academic researchers.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Anrecht auf Vereinbarung? Vereinbarkeitsansprüche von Vätern in Schweizer Arbeitsorganisationen
    (Seismo, 2021) Peitz, Martina; Liebig, Brigitte [in: Zeitdiagnose Männlichkeiten Schweiz]
    Wandel und Persistenz der Geschlechterverhältnisse in Arbeitswelt, Familie und Politik bedeuten für Männer* und Männlichkeit(en) spezifische Möglichkeiten und Herausforderungen. Zur Debatte steht, was sich gegenwärtig überhaupt verändert. Welche Entwicklungen werden ausgemacht? Welche Potenziale, Widersprüche und Spannungen – für Männer* und für die Gesellschaft – tun sich auf oder entstehen dadurch? Wie haben sich Männlichkeiten historisch in der Schweiz überhaupt gestaltet und ausgebildet? Das Buch bündelt Forschungsbeiträge zu Männlichkeit(en) in der Schweiz, die zu einer kritischen Zeitdiagnose beitragen. Dabei werden Perspektiven aus verschiedenen Disziplinen – der Geschlechterforschung, Soziologie, Sozialen Arbeit, Geschichte, Literaturwissenschaft, Psychologie und Migrationsforschung – eingebracht.
    04A - Beitrag Sammelband
  • Publikation
    Comparing the Perspectives of Professionals and Relatives Toward the Quality of Palliative Care: A Qualitative Study
    (LIDSEN, 2020) Reeves, Emily; Liebig, Brigitte; Degen, Eveline [in: OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine]
    High-quality care is an important aim of palliative care services. However, the quality of care is a complex phenomenon and is subjectively perceived by those who are closest to the services and are often evaluated poorly. Prior research has highlighted the difficulties in evaluating the quality of care because of different perspectives, and still, only a little is understood about the perception of the quality of care in palliative care services. Investigating the perspectives of key individuals involved in palliative care, such as palliative professionals and relatives of palliative patients, can provide invaluable insight to understand the quality of care. To identify the perceptions of palliative professionals and relatives of the patients toward the quality of palliative care along with identifying the similarities and divergences in the perceptions, as well as highlighting the complexity of quality in palliative care settings while indicating their areas of improvement. This was a qualitative study that involved semi-structured interviews for the evaluation of palliative care guided by the proposed system approach model [1]. The interviews were conducted with a total number of 38 professionals working in palliative care along with 26 relatives of palliative patients across four Swiss cantons (Ticino, Basel, Vaud, and Lucerne). These professionals worked in primary palliative care (PPC) and specialized palliative care (SPC), where 11 general practitioners (GP’s) and 12 nurses were from primary palliative care services. Additionally, 15 interviews were conducted with 9 specialized medical doctors (e.g., oncologists) and 6 specialized palliative care nurses from different hospitals, hospices, mobile palliative care teams (MPCT’s), and specialist private practice. The results revealed considerable differences between the perspectives of professionals and relatives regarding the following aspects of care: 1) the availability, 2) client-centeredness (including respect for patient’s wishes and relative’s involvement in care, 3) satisfaction (including physical and psychosocial), and 4) communication and information transfer. Mainly, the family members felt that care was not being always readily available and coordinated poorly, the patient’s needs were overlooked because of the lack of time. Also, some professionals were perceived to be incompetent with a lack of communication and negligence toward the psychosocial needs of the patient. On the other hand, professionals indicated that relatives may be too involved in the patient care and might have expressed concern due to the high risk of burn out caused by extreme stress and emotionally taxing circumstances of palliative care. The different perspectives uncovered both the similarities and discrepancies, representing a demand for addressing the shortcomings of palliative care services. Specifically, findings indicated that professionals may overestimate the quality of palliative care. Also, future initiatives were needed to ensure that the family members of palliative patients were adequately supported, both psycho-socially and financially, justifying the investment. These findings would help in informing the health policy about the aspects of care that require specific attention to improve the overall quality of care and urge future research to explore the best ways to support these aspects of care.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Care Coordination in Palliative Home Care: Who Plays the Key Role?
    (Ubiquity Press, 2020) Reeves, Emily; Liebig, Brigitte; Schweighoffer, Reka [in: International Journal of Integrated Care]
    Background: Clearly identified professionals who are appointed for care coordination are invaluable for ensuring efficient coordination of health care services. However, challenges to identifying roles in palliative care are well documented in literature. Notably, in order to meet high demands on palliative home care settings, many care practitioners perform tasks that surpass the responsibilities and regulations of their role, including care coordination. Without clearly defined roles, standards of care cannot be guaranteed. Yet, little is understood about who plays the key role in palliative home care. Aim: The present study aims to address the gap in the research by identifying who plays a key role in coordination in palliative home care. Methods: Interviews with general practitioners (GPs), nurses and relatives of palliative patients were carried out in Swiss cantons (Vaud, Ticino, Luzern and Basel) to identify key coordinators of care. Interviews were analyzed using content analysis and presented using grounded theory. Results: Findings indicated that there was considerable ambiguity of the key coordinator role. 1) Causal conditions of this phenomenon were; informality of professional roles and lack of communication between team members, 2) Consequences of this included; conflicting understandings of key coordinator role and family members feeling overburdened, 3) Strategies adopted by interviewees included; adapting or taking control of care coordination. These findings are highly indicative of areas for improvement for care coordination in palliative home care settings. Specifically, they underline a profound need for clear communication between palliative care service providers regarding which professionals assume a key coordative role, or who are delegated a coordinative role at any given time. Crucially, since the findings reveal that relatives are intimately involved in care coordination, the findings point to a lack of adequate financial and psycho-social support for relatives of palliative patients who are burdened with coordination tasks, without the appropriate recompense.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Collaborative Networks in Primary and Specialized Palliative Care in Switzerland - Perspectives of Doctors and Nurses
    (Bentham, 2020) Schweighoffer, Reka; Reeves, Emily; Liebig, Brigitte [in: The Open Public Health Journal]
    To date, information about collaborative networks of doctors and nurses in palliative care is still scarce, yet of great importance in revealing gaps in collaboration. This paper investigates the collaboration frequencies of medical doctors and nurses within, and across, different settings of palliative care. The study was based on a Swiss national survey on “Collaboration and cooperation in Palliative Care”. The subjects surveyed included service providers in the primary and specialized palliative care sectors, as well as support services (N=1111). Information about ties between providers was gathered by asking professionals to estimate the frequency of interaction with other professionals within the last year, on a daily, weekly, monthly and yearly basis. Social network analysis was used to assess the interaction patterns of nurses and doctors (N= 728) in primary and specialized care settings. Visual representations indicated that, contrary to primary care settings, healthcare providers in specialized care settings reported of numerous interactions with other professions. In primary care, general practitioners reported the least frequent interactions with other professions. Of all providers investigated, specialized doctors in hospitals and hospices reported the densest collaborative networks. Gaps regarding collaboration in Swiss palliative care provision were revealed. Based on the results of the study, recommendations on how to improve service quality by strengthening the interaction patterns of general practitioners, as well as community-based palliative care, are provided.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    An investigation of the challenges to coordination at the interface of primary and specialized palliative care services in Switzerland: A qualitative interview study
    (Informa, 2020) Reeves, Emily; Schweighoffer, Reka; Liebig, Brigitte [in: Journal of Interprofessional Care]
    Good coordination of healthcare services is vital for ensuring health cost efficiency and high-quality care for patients. It is especially important in the context of palliative care as services are often highly fragmented due to a combination of diverse professional groups, organizations, and approaches to care. However, the coordination of services in this field is often evaluated as insufficient. Little is known about the challenges to coordination in this sector in Switzerland. The present study addresses this gap in research by investigating the challenges to coordination at the interface of palliative care services in Switzerland. Interviews (n = 24) with 38 healthcare practitioners working in palliative care in four cantons (Basel-City, Lucerne, Ticino, and Vaud) form the basis for this investigation. The selected cantons not only represent French, Italian, and German language regions of Switzerland but also represent diverse rural, urban, and historical contexts. Expert interviews are analyzed using structural content analysis. Three clusters of challenges to coordination were identified in the data: (1) organizational challenges to coordination, which relate to explicit forms of coordination; (2) relational challenges to coordination; and (3) structural challenges to coordination, which relate to implicit forms of coordination. The study reveals a need for better financial support for coordination in palliative care and a stronger focus on interprofessional coordination in educating professionals in palliative care. Future research on how to further foster good team coordination practices between primary and specialized palliative services merits further investigation. Since these findings are indicative of areas for improvement for coordination at the interface of Swiss palliative care services, they are of particular interest for healthcare practitioners, policymakers, and researchers involved in the evolution of coordinative practice.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Gründen an Fachhochschulen 2019 - eine Standortbestimmung
    (10/2019) Bläse, Richard; Morandi, Pietro; Liebig, Brigitte; Bläse, Richard; Morandi, Pietro; Liebig, Brigitte [in:]
    nnovative Start-ups und Spin-offs aus Universitäten und Fachhochschulen, die auf Wissen und Kompetenzen von Hochschulangehörigen beruhen, werden für den wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Fortschritt immer wichtiger. Allerdings fehlt es noch an fundiertem Wissen über Gründungsaktivitäten an Schweizer Fachhochschulen und auch darüber, wie diese noch erfolgreicher als bisher gefördert werden können. Die «Gründungslandschaftskarte Schweizer Fachhochschulen 2019» bietet nun erstmals einen umfassenderen, empirisch fundierten Einblick in das Gründungsgeschehen an Schweizer Fachhochschulen. Sie stellt eines der Ergebnisse des mit freundlicher Unterstützung des Schweiz Nationalfonds (SNF) durchgeführten Forschungsprojekts über wissenschaftsbasiertes Gründen an Schweizer Fachhochschulen dar (2017-2020) Die interaktive Gründungs-Landschafskarte beruht auf einer Online-Befragung von über 3000 Wissenschaftlern und Wissenschaftlerinnen unterschiedlicher Personalkategorien an den sieben öffentlich-rechtlichen Fachhochschulen der Schweiz aus dem Jahre 2019. Sie zeigt nicht nur auf, an welchen Hochschulstandorten Gründungsprojekte besonderes Interesse finden, sondern auch, wie Forschende die Rahmenbedingungen für Gründungsaktivitäten bewerten.
    10 - Elektronische-/ Webpublikation
  • Publikation
    To whom it may concern? Gründungsförderung und Gleichstellung an Schweizer Fachhochschulen
    (10/2019) Liebig, Brigitte; Schneider, Noemi [in: Zeitschrift für Geschlecht, Kultur und Gesellschaft]
    Im Zuge der Reformen des Hochschulwesens gewinnt die Förderung von wissenschaftsbasierten Gründungen an Bedeutung. Erste Erhebungen zur Schweiz zeigen jedoch, dass Akademikerinnen deutlich seltener ausgründen als Akademiker. Das als „Leaky Pipeline“ bezeichnete Phänomen ist auch im Bereich von Gründungsaktivitäten an Schweizer Fachhochschulen deutlich erkennbar. Anschließend an Perspektiven der Gender- und Hochschulforschung beleuchtet der Beitrag zentrale Voraussetzungen für Gründungsaktivitäten von Frauen an Schweizer Fachhochschulen. Empirische Grundlage bilden eine schriftliche Umfrage aus den Jahren 2017/18 an öffentlich-rechtlichen Fachhochschulen der Schweiz sowie Interviews mit Gleichstellungsbeauftragten und Gründungszentren dieser Hochschulen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen nicht nur, dass Wissenschaftlerinnen kaum als Zielgruppen der Gründungsförderung an Fachhochschulen erkannt werden, sondern dass auch kaum spezifische Unterstützungsmaßnahmen für Frauen existieren. Dabei ist das Bewusstsein für den Gender Gap im Bereich Gründen bis jetzt gering – dies gilt gleichermaßen für Gründungsverantwortliche wie für Gleichstellungs- und Diversitätsbeauftragte der Hochschulen.
    01 - Zeitschriftenartikel, Journalartikel oder Magazin
  • Publikation
    06 - Präsentation