Kuentz, Martin

Kuentz, Martin


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 4 von 4
  • Publikation
    Interactions of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate copolymer with non-acidic drugs demonstrated high solubilization in vitro and pronounced sustained release
    (Elsevier, 04/2018) Saal, Wiebke; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Alsenz, Jochem; Kuentz, Martin [in: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics]
    Recent work demonstrated remarkable solubilization effects of methacrylate-copolymer Eudragit EPO (EPO) not only with acidic drugs but interestingly also with poorly soluble basic compounds. The current work studied EPO-mediated solubilization effects first in vitro using felodipine (FLP) and tamoxifen (TMX) as model compounds. EPO-containing solutions were subsequently compared in a rat pharmacokinetic study against reference solutions and suspensions. Surprisingly, solution formulations with EPO did not result in an increased relative oral bioavailability. Exposure was reduced for both drugs and plasma-profiles of the EPO solutions showed a delayed and lower maximum plasma concentration compared to the reference formulations. This sustained in vivo release was likely due to combined effects of strong drug-polymer interactions and pH-dependent precipitation of the polymer in the rat intestine. Remarkable was that in vitro drug-polymer coprecipitates did not reveal crystalline drug by polarized light microscopy. Thus, such a formulation approach provides a rather simple opportunity to modify drug release in vivo. However, this may be rather an approach for preclinical formulations, if high peak-to-trough ratios of plasma levels are problematic regarding adverse effects related to Cmax or if plasma concentrations drop too fast below required pharmacological concentrations
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Can we estimate the critical micelle concentration of amphiphilic drug bases from molecular connectivity indices?
    (Informa, 2017) Saal, Wiebke; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Alsenz, Jochem; Kuentz, Martin [in: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology]
    Self-aggregation of drugs is since many years an important topic in the pharmaceutical sciences. Drugs can aggregate similar to surfactants and thereby exhibit a critical micelle concentration (CMC). The present work focused on amphiphilic drug bases and it was aimed to predict log(CMC) based on chemical structure alone. A dataset of 35 compounds was gathered mostly form the literature and complemented with own measurements based on ultrasonic resonator technology. The hydrophilic–lipophilic balance (HLB) values of the protonated bases were calculated and provided a range of 22.9–27.4. Based on a hypothesis from surfactant sciences, it was tried to predict log(CMC) with connectivity and shape indices as well as molecular dipole moment. A fairly good model was obtained using the Randix index (RI), 3 D Wiener number (WN) and molecular dipole moment (DM) (R2 = 0.824). Interestingly, a simple linear regression of log(CMC) with the Randic index alone, resulted in an acceptable model (R2 = 0.755). The present work should help with early identification of drug bases that exhibit surfactant-like behavior and an estimation of log(CMC) values is proposed. An improved understanding of drug aggregation and prediction of log(CMC) helps to better cope with physical consequences like, for example, “anomalous” drug solubility in drug discovery and development.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Unexpected solubility enhancement of drug bases in presence of a dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate copolymer
    (American Chemical Society, 2017) Saal, Wiebke; Ross, Alfred; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Alsenz, Jochem; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    The methacrylate copolymer Eudragit EPO (EPO) has previously shown to greatly enhance solubilization of acidic drugs via ionic interactions and by multiple hydrophobic contacts with polymeric side chains. The latter type of interaction could also play a role for solubilization of other compounds than acids. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the solubility of six poorly soluble bases in presence and absence of EPO by quantitative ultrapressure liquid chromatography with concomitant X-ray powder diffraction analysis of the solid state. For a better mechanistic understanding, spectra and diffusion data were obtained by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Unexpected high solubility enhancement (up to 360-fold) was evidenced in the presence of EPO despite the fact that bases and polymer were both carrying positive charges. This exceptional and unexpected solubilization was not due to a change in the crystalline solid state. NMR spectra and measured diffusion coefficients indicated both strong drug–polymer interactions in the bulk solution, and diffusion data suggested conformational changes of the polymer in solution. Such conformational changes may have increased the accessibility and extent of hydrophobic contacts thereby leading to increased overall molecular interactions. These initially surprising solubilization results demonstrate that excipient selection should not be based solely on simple considerations of, for example, opposite charges of drug and excipient, but it requires a more refined molecular view. Different solution NMR techniques are especially promising tools to gain such mechanistic insights.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    The quest for exceptional drug solubilization in diluted surfactant solutions and consideration of residual solid state
    (Elsevier, 2017) Saal, Wiebke; Alsenz, Jochem; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Kuentz, Martin [in: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences]
    Solubility screening in different surfactant solutions is an important part of pharmaceutical profiling. A particular interest is in low surfactant concentrations that mimic the dilution of an oral dosage form. Despite of intensive previous research on solubilization in micelles, there is only limited data available at low surfactant concentrations and generally missing is a physical state analysis of the residual solid. The present work therefore studied 13 model drugs in 6 different oral surfactant solutions (0.5%, w/w) by concomitant X-ray diffraction (XRPD) analysis to consider effects on solvent-mediated phase transformations. A particular aspect was potential occurrence of exceptionally high drug solubilization. As a result, general solubilization correlations were observed especially between surfactants that share chemical similarity. Exceptional solubility enhancement of several hundred-fold was evidenced in case of sodium dodecyl sulfate solutions with dipyridamole and progesterone. Furthermore, carbamazepine and testosterone showed surfactant-type dependent hydrate formation. The present results are of practical relevance for an optimization of surfactant screenings in preformulation and early development and provide a basis for mechanistic modeling of surfactant effects on solubilization and solid state modifications.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift