Kuentz, Martin

Kuentz, Martin


Gerade angezeigt 1 - 2 von 2
  • Publikation
    A Systematic Study of Molecular Interactions of Anionic Drugs with a Dimethylaminoethyl Methacrylate Copolymer Regarding Solubility Enhancement
    (American Chemical Society, 2017) Kirchmeyer, Wiebke; Ross, Alfred; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Alsenz, Jochem; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    The methacrylate-copolymer Eudragit EPO (EPO) has raised interest in solubility enhancement of anionic drugs. Effects on aqueous drug solubility at rather low polymer concentrations are barely known despite their importance upon dissolution and dilution of oral dosage forms. We provide evidence for substantial enhancement (factor 4–230) of aqueous solubility of poorly water-soluble anionic drugs induced by low (0.1–5% (w/w)) concentration of EPO for a panel of seven acidic crystalline drugs. Diffusion data (determined by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) indicate that the solubility increasing effect monitored by quantitative ultraperformance liquid chromatography was caused primarily by molecular API polymer interactions in the bulk liquid phase. Residual solid API remained unaltered as tested by X-ray powder diffraction. The solubility enhancement (SE) revealed a significant rank correlation (rSpearman = −0.83) with rDiffAPI, where SE and rDiffAPI are defined ratios of solubility and diffusion coefficient in the presence and absence of EPO. SE decreased in the order of indomethacin, mefenamic acid, warfarin, piroxicam, furosemide, bezafibrate, and tolbutamide. The solubilizing effect was attributed to both ionic and hydrophobic interactions between drugs and EPO. The excellent solubilizing properties of EPO are highly promising for pharmaceutical development, and the data set provides first steps toward an understanding of drug–excipient interaction mechanisms.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Unexpected solubility enhancement of drug bases in presence of a dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate copolymer
    (American Chemical Society, 2017) Saal, Wiebke; Ross, Alfred; Wyttenbach, Nicole; Alsenz, Jochem; Kuentz, Martin [in: Molecular Pharmaceutics]
    The methacrylate copolymer Eudragit EPO (EPO) has previously shown to greatly enhance solubilization of acidic drugs via ionic interactions and by multiple hydrophobic contacts with polymeric side chains. The latter type of interaction could also play a role for solubilization of other compounds than acids. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the solubility of six poorly soluble bases in presence and absence of EPO by quantitative ultrapressure liquid chromatography with concomitant X-ray powder diffraction analysis of the solid state. For a better mechanistic understanding, spectra and diffusion data were obtained by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Unexpected high solubility enhancement (up to 360-fold) was evidenced in the presence of EPO despite the fact that bases and polymer were both carrying positive charges. This exceptional and unexpected solubilization was not due to a change in the crystalline solid state. NMR spectra and measured diffusion coefficients indicated both strong drug–polymer interactions in the bulk solution, and diffusion data suggested conformational changes of the polymer in solution. Such conformational changes may have increased the accessibility and extent of hydrophobic contacts thereby leading to increased overall molecular interactions. These initially surprising solubilization results demonstrate that excipient selection should not be based solely on simple considerations of, for example, opposite charges of drug and excipient, but it requires a more refined molecular view. Different solution NMR techniques are especially promising tools to gain such mechanistic insights.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift