Schweighoffer, Reka

Schweighoffer, Reka


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  • Publikation
    Care Coordination in Palliative Home Care: Who Plays the Key Role?
    (Ubiquity Press, 2020) Reeves, Emily; Liebig, Brigitte; Schweighoffer, Reka [in: International Journal of Integrated Care]
    Background: Clearly identified professionals who are appointed for care coordination are invaluable for ensuring efficient coordination of health care services. However, challenges to identifying roles in palliative care are well documented in literature. Notably, in order to meet high demands on palliative home care settings, many care practitioners perform tasks that surpass the responsibilities and regulations of their role, including care coordination. Without clearly defined roles, standards of care cannot be guaranteed. Yet, little is understood about who plays the key role in palliative home care. Aim: The present study aims to address the gap in the research by identifying who plays a key role in coordination in palliative home care. Methods: Interviews with general practitioners (GPs), nurses and relatives of palliative patients were carried out in Swiss cantons (Vaud, Ticino, Luzern and Basel) to identify key coordinators of care. Interviews were analyzed using content analysis and presented using grounded theory. Results: Findings indicated that there was considerable ambiguity of the key coordinator role. 1) Causal conditions of this phenomenon were; informality of professional roles and lack of communication between team members, 2) Consequences of this included; conflicting understandings of key coordinator role and family members feeling overburdened, 3) Strategies adopted by interviewees included; adapting or taking control of care coordination. These findings are highly indicative of areas for improvement for care coordination in palliative home care settings. Specifically, they underline a profound need for clear communication between palliative care service providers regarding which professionals assume a key coordative role, or who are delegated a coordinative role at any given time. Crucially, since the findings reveal that relatives are intimately involved in care coordination, the findings point to a lack of adequate financial and psycho-social support for relatives of palliative patients who are burdened with coordination tasks, without the appropriate recompense.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    An investigation of the challenges to coordination at the interface of primary and specialized palliative care services in Switzerland: A qualitative interview study
    (Informa, 2020) Reeves, Emily; Schweighoffer, Reka; Liebig, Brigitte [in: Journal of Interprofessional Care]
    Good coordination of healthcare services is vital for ensuring health cost efficiency and high-quality care for patients. It is especially important in the context of palliative care as services are often highly fragmented due to a combination of diverse professional groups, organizations, and approaches to care. However, the coordination of services in this field is often evaluated as insufficient. Little is known about the challenges to coordination in this sector in Switzerland. The present study addresses this gap in research by investigating the challenges to coordination at the interface of palliative care services in Switzerland. Interviews (n = 24) with 38 healthcare practitioners working in palliative care in four cantons (Basel-City, Lucerne, Ticino, and Vaud) form the basis for this investigation. The selected cantons not only represent French, Italian, and German language regions of Switzerland but also represent diverse rural, urban, and historical contexts. Expert interviews are analyzed using structural content analysis. Three clusters of challenges to coordination were identified in the data: (1) organizational challenges to coordination, which relate to explicit forms of coordination; (2) relational challenges to coordination; and (3) structural challenges to coordination, which relate to implicit forms of coordination. The study reveals a need for better financial support for coordination in palliative care and a stronger focus on interprofessional coordination in educating professionals in palliative care. Future research on how to further foster good team coordination practices between primary and specialized palliative services merits further investigation. Since these findings are indicative of areas for improvement for coordination at the interface of Swiss palliative care services, they are of particular interest for healthcare practitioners, policymakers, and researchers involved in the evolution of coordinative practice.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Community readiness for Palliative Care Services in Switzerland: Basis for public health strategy for health psychologists
    (Psychreg, 04/2019) Reeves, Emily; Schweighoffer, Reka; Liebig, Brigitte [in: Psychreg Journal of Psychology]
    Integrated healthcare delivery is essential for ensuring health cost efficiency and high quality care for patients. In Switzerland, cantonal differences in approaches to palliative careimplementation contribute to fragmented provision of palliative care services. ‘Community readiness’is a practical tool for assessing the status and change in community health services. The aim of this paper is to assess community readiness for palliative care services in Switzerland. A document analysis was carried out in combination with expert interviews with palliative caremembers in four Swiss cantons (Ticino, Vaud, Basel-City and Lucerne). The findings indicate differences with respect to the history, provisional structure, coordination and financial support for palliative care in the cantons. Findings indicate that future research to improve provisional structures, financing and educational opportunities for PC in the cantons, specific to the needs of the canton, warrant investigation
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Collaboration in Palliative Care Networks in Urban and Rural Regions of Switzerland
    (01/2019) Schweighoffer, Reka; Nagy, Noemi; Reeves, Emily; Liebig, Brigitte [in: International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation]
    Due to aging populations, the need for seamless palliative care provision is of central interest for western societies. An essential aspect of palliative care delivery is the quality of collaboration amongst palliative care providers. Therefore, thecurrent research is based on Bainbridge’s conceptual framework,which provides an outline for the evaluation of palliative careprovision. This study is the first one to investigate the predictive validity of spatial distribution on the quantity of interaction amongst various palliative care providers. Furthermore, based on the familiarity principle, we examine whether the extent of collaboration influences the perceived quality of collaboration among palliative care providers in urban versus rural areas of Switzerland. Based on a population-representative survey of Swiss palliative care providers, the results of the current study show that professionals in densely populated areas report higher absolute numbers of interactions and are more satisfied with their collaborative practice. This indicates that palliative care providers who work in urban areas are better embedded into networks than their counterparts in more rural areas. The findings are especially important, considering that efficient collaboration is a prerequisite to achieve satisfactory patientoutcomes. Conclusively, measures should be taken to foster collaboration in weakly interconnected palliative care networks.
    01 - Zeitschriftenartikel, Journalartikel oder Magazin