Joss, Joëlle

Joss, Joëlle


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  • Publikation
    Einblick. Nach mehr als zwei Jahren Forschung gibt es Neuigkeiten zur Wirkung prismatischer Korrekturen beim Lesen
    (Galledia, 10/2022) Joss, Joëlle; Jainta, Stephanie [in: Schweizer Optiker]
    01B - Beitrag in Magazin oder Zeitung
  • Publikation
    Relating asthenopic symptoms to optometric measures and parameters of binocular vision
    (08/2022) Joss, Joëlle; Jainta, Stephanie
    Asthenopic symptoms are related to heterophoria and problems of binocular vision. In a recent paper, we showed that vergence drift and fixation durations are related to symptoms (CISS-questionnaire), but optometric measures such as heterophoria, vergence or accommodative facility, AC/A-ratio or NPC did not significantly add to the explained variance of asthenopia. We re-analysed our data, in which binocular eye movements were recorded (EyeLink II) for 64 participants, and linear regression analyses related all parameters of binocular coordination (objective heterophoria, vergence drift, saccade disconjugacy, fixation disparity and fixation duration), and the above-mentioned optometric tests to 4 symptoms factors (eye comfort, reading process, image quality and fatigue), which we identified by a factor analysis of the CISS-questionnaire. Objective heterophoria and fixation duration predicted 20% of the variance in symptoms concerning the reading process (factor 2). Furthermore, fixation duration seems to be slightly, but not significantly, related to symptoms addressing fatigue (factor 4), whereas optometric tests are not significantly related to any asthenopia factor. Overall, objective measures during reading relate to asthenopic symptoms, however the lack of asthenopic symptoms prediction by daily optometric parameters is still unexplained. Therefore, further research is needed to find out suited optometric parameters to infer asthenopic symptoms.
    06 - Präsentation
  • Publikation
    Do standard optometric measures predict binocular coordination during reading?
    (Bern Open Publishing, 2021) Joss, Joëlle; Jainta, Stephanie [in: Journal of Eye Movement Research]
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
  • Publikation
    Binocular advantages in reading revisited. Attenuating effects of individual horizontal heterophoria
    (Bern Open Publishing, 09.12.2019) Jainta, Stephanie; Joss, Joëlle [in: Journal of Eye Movement Research]
    Reading with two eyes necessitates efficient processes of binocular vision, which provide a single percept of the text. These processes come with a binocular advantage: binocular reading shows shorter average fixation durations and sentence reading times when compared to monocular reading. A couple of years ago, we showed for a small sample (N=13) that binocular advantages critically relate to the individual heterophoria (the resting state of vergence). In the present, large-scale replication we collected binocular eye movements (Eyelink II) for 94 participants who read 20 sentences monocularly and 20 sentences binocularly. Further, individual heterophorias were determined using three different optometric standards: objective eye tracking (EyeLink II at 60 cm), Maddox wing test (at 30 cm) and measures following the “Guidelines for the application of the Measuring and Correcting Methodology after H.-J. Haase” (MCH; at 6 m). Binocular eye movements showed typical pattern and we replicated (1) binocular advantages of about 25 ms for average fixation durations and (2) a reduction in binocular advantages when heterophoria increased – but only when heterophoria was identified by EyeLink II or Maddox wing measures; MCH measures of heterophoria did not affect binocular advantages in reading. For large heterophorias binocular reading even turned into a disadvantage. Implications for effect estimations and optometric testing will be discussed.
    01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift