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dc.contributor.authorHall, Monika
dc.contributor.authorGeissler, Achim
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-12T08:46:31Z
dc.date.available2020-11-12T08:46:31Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-01
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/en13195112
dc.identifier.urihttps://irf.fhnw.ch/handle/11654/31787
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.26041/fhnw-3520
dc.description.abstractIncreasing numbers of photovoltaic systems and heat pumps in existing building clusters can lead to an overload of the associated substations of the electric grid. Based on a multi-agent-based simulation of three building cluster types the impact of building flexibility in regard to the residual substation load is studied. Each building announces its available flexibility, e.g. “heat pump can be switched off/on”. A cluster master coordinator evaluates the incoming offers and decides which offers are accepted in regard to the substation’s capacity utilization. The goal is to honour the substation’s limit by shifting the residual load. This paper presents results from three typical urban building clusters for different penetration scenarios in regard to heat pumps, photovoltaic systems, batteries and electric vehicles. It is shown that in the studied building clusters a high penetration of heat pumps and photovoltaic systems can violate the existing substation’s limits, regardless of the efforts by the master coordinator. Batteries of typical capacities cannot reduce the peak residual load. The load shifting options of the master coordinator are limited.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/19/5112en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofenergiesen_US
dc.accessRightsAnonymous*
dc.subjectmulti-agent baseden_US
dc.subjectdemand side managementen_US
dc.subjectload shiftingen_US
dc.subjectresidual loaden_US
dc.subjectenergy flexible buildingsen_US
dc.subjectenergy flexibilityen_US
dc.subjectbuilding clusteren_US
dc.subjectsubstationen_US
dc.subjectgrid stabilityen_US
dc.subject.ddc600 - Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaftenen_US
dc.titleLoad Control by Demand Side Management to Support Grid Stability in Building Clustersen_US
dc.type01 - Zeitschriftenartikel, Journalartikel oder Magazin*
dc.volume13en_US
dc.audienceScienceen_US
fhnw.publicationStatePublisheden_US
fhnw.ReviewTypeAnonymous ex ante peer review of a complete publicationen_US
fhnw.InventedHereYesen_US
fhnw.PublishedSwitzerlandYesen_US
fhnw.pagination15en_US
fhnw.IsStudentsWorknoen_US
fhnw.publicationOnlineJaen_US


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