Development of a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making model to assist building designers in the choice of superficial construction systems in urban areas

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Autor:innen
Autor:in (Körperschaft)
Publikationsdatum
22.12.2022
Typ der Arbeit
Studiengang
Typ
01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Herausgeber:innen
Herausgeber:in (Körperschaft)
Betreuer:in
Übergeordnetes Werk
Journal of Building Physics
Themenheft
Link
Reihe / Serie
Reihennummer
Jahrgang / Band
Ausgabe / Nummer
Seiten / Dauer
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Verlag / Herausgebende Institution
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Verlagsort / Veranstaltungsort
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Version
Programmiersprache
Abtretungsempfänger:in
Praxispartner:in/Auftraggeber:in
Zusammenfassung
An enormous range of building materials that is almost impossible to keep track of is available. The trend toward building densification in cities continues apace. Coupled with climate change, a situation is emerging that poses ecological as well as economic risks in terms of living comfort in public, urban spaces. Building designers need help (tools) to be able to address a wide range of requirements within their planning. The development of the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) model BASK (engl. “Construction Materials for Cities in Climate Change”) is presented. The goal of the model is to assist building designers in determining surface materials for wall, ground and roof construction and help determine the best compromise between environmental, economic, and building practice criteria. Currently available criteria are heat stress, visual reflectance, CO equivalents, electricity production, retrofitability, sound absorption, construction costs, and life span. The criteria can be weighted by the designer, resulting in a customized ranking of construction systems that best meets the designer’s prioritized criteria. The design of BASK basically allows for an extension of the criteria. The version of BASK described in this paper includes 10 construction systems covering a wide range of construction types focused on walls. The tool requires technical data for materials considered in construction systems included, which are made available via a data base. The scope of construction systems can also be extended in the future. Based on the restricted set of construction systems the results of a sensitivity analysis and initial validation are given.
Schlagwörter
Building materials, Micro climate, Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) model
Fachgebiet (DDC)
600 - Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
Projekt
Veranstaltung
Startdatum der Ausstellung
Enddatum der Ausstellung
Startdatum der Konferenz
Enddatum der Konferenz
Datum der letzten Prüfung
ISBN
ISSN
1744-2591
1744-2583
Sprache
Englisch
Während FHNW Zugehörigkeit erstellt
Ja
Publikationsstatus
Veröffentlicht
Begutachtung
Peer-Review der ganzen Publikation
Open Access-Status
Hybrid
Lizenz
'https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/'
Zitation
DÜRR, Jonas, Achim GEISSLER und Caroline HOFFMANN, 2022. Development of a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making model to assist building designers in the choice of superficial construction systems in urban areas. Journal of Building Physics. 22 Dezember 2022. DOI 10.1177/17442591221136274. Verfügbar unter: https://doi.org/10.26041/fhnw-4769

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2023-03-27 11:48:59
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2023-01-13 10:48:18
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