Spin-offs an Schweizer Fachhochschulen

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Logo des Projekt
DOI
Projekttyp
angewandte Forschung
Projektbeginn
01.09.2017
Projektende
31.08.2020
Projektstatus
abgeschlossen
Projektkontakt
Projektmanager:in
Beteiligte
Beschreibung
Zusammenfassung
Wissenschaftsbasiertes Gründen ist von erheblicher Bedeutung für wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Fortschritt. Wie aber lässt sich akademisches Unternehmertum an Hochschulen fördern? Dieses Projekt generiert empirisch fundiertes Wissen zu den komplexen Voraussetzungen von Gründungsneigungen und -aktivitäten im Hochschulbereich. Für hochschul- und forschungspolitische Gremien sowie die Förderung von Innovation und Entrepreneurship an Schweizer Fachhochschulen stellt es wertvolle Hinweise bereit. Im Zentrum der Analyse stehen neben strukturellen Bedingungen insbesondere die institutionellen Voraussetzungen für akademisches Unternehmertum in unterschiedlichen Fachbereichen. Technisch-naturwissenschaftlich orientierte Felder geraten dabei ebenso in den Blick wie soziale Innovationen oder Gründungen im Bereich Kunst/Design. Überdies werden Handlungsorientierungen und Bedürfnisse untersucht, welche (potentielle) Gründerinnen und Gründer mit unterschiedlichem Wissenschaftsprofil an die Hochschulen herantragen sowie die Frage, wie Spin-Off Aktivitäten von Wissenschaftlerinnen vermehrt gefördert werden können.
Link
Während FHNW Zugehörigkeit erstellt
Hochschule
Hochschule für Angewandte Psychologie
Institut
Institut für Kooperationsforschung und -entwicklung
Finanziert durch
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF)
Projektpartner
öffentlich-rechtliche Fachhochschulen der Schweiz
Finanziert durch
SAP Referenz
Schlagwörter
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 - Psychologie
Publikationen
Publikation
Should I Stay, or Should I Go?Job Satisfaction as a Moderating Factor between Outcome Expectations and Entrepreneurial Intention among Academics
(Springer, 2021) Bläse, Richard; Schneider, Noemi; Liebig, Brigitte [in: International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal]
Both psychological and entrepreneurship research emphasize the pivotal role of job satisfaction in the process of entrepreneurial career decisions. In fact, a co-relationship between entrepreneurial intention, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment was demonstrated recently. Prior research operationalized entrepreneurial careers as an escape from poor work environments; thus, there is a lack of understanding regarding how job-satisfaction and outcome expectations can motivate and trigger academic entrepreneurship within and related to the environment of universities (e.g., spin-off activities). In this study, drawing on Social Cognitive Career Theory delineated by Lent and colleagues and the concept of entrepreneurial intention, we addressed the role of job satisfaction as a moderating factor between outcome expectations and entrepreneurial intention. Furthermore, we examined to what extent (a) entrepreneurial intention and (b) spin-off intention are determined by certain outcome expectations and perceived behavioral control. This paper purports to study academic researchers in specialized and non-technical fields and builds on a survey of 593 academic researchers at Swiss Universities of Applied Science (UAS). Supporting our hypothesis, we showed that outcome expectations are a significant predictor for entrepreneurial intentions, in general, and spin-off intentions, in particular. Finally, a multi-group analysis corroborated that job dissatisfaction partly operates as a motivational factor in entrepreneurial transition and interactions with entrepreneurial outcome expectations. In conclusion, the concept of job satisfaction and the theoretical approach of Social Cognitive Career Theory seems to be relevant to study and to encourage academic entrepreneurship as career decisions of the academic researchers.
01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Publikation
Diversity
(Seismo, 2020) Liebig, Brigitte; Bonvin, Jean-Michel; Hugentobler, Valérie; Knöpfel, Carlo; Maeder, Pascal; Tecklenburg, Ueli [in: Wörterbuch der Schweizer Sozialpolitik]
Der Begriff Diversity (Diversität/diversité) beschreibt die Vielfalt bzw. Heterogenität der persönlichen und umweltbedingten Voraussetzungen und Merkmale von Menschen. Er verdeutlicht, dass Menschen sich nicht nur voneinander unterscheiden, sondern zugleich selbst Träger und Trägerinnen unterschiedlichster Merkmalseigenschaften sind.
04 - Beitrag Sammelband oder Konferenzschrift
Publikation
Conditions for spin-off creation at Swiss universities of applied sciences - a gender sensitive approach
(Emerald, 22.06.2021) Blaese, Richard; Liebig, Brigitte; Schneider, Noemi [in: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship]
Purpose The promotion of research-based entrepreneurship is considered a crucial task for universities and policymakers in many Western countries. Research has shown that the university environment plays a decisive role in the spin-off activities of researchers. Although the number of science-based spin-offs has increased in recent years, women are still an exception when it comes to developing spin-off ventures. In turn, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the university environment that supports entrepreneurship from a gender perspective. Design/methodology/approach Based on the theoretical framework of the “Entrepreneurial University,” this contribution examines the formal and informal conditions for academic entrepreneurship using the example of Swiss universities of applied sciences (UAS). Based on a cross-sectional dataset of 1,551 researchers from various disciplines who were surveyed in 2019, linear regressions and logistic regression models were used to test gender-specific differences in the perception of organizational conditions concerning the entrepreneurial exploitation of research. Findings The results demonstrated significant differences in the perception of formal and informal conditions in higher education. First, they show gender differences in the perception of informal entrepreneurial support in universities; in particular, female researchers received less informal support for spin-off projects. For example, women hardly viewed commercial use of research and development knowledge as a career option and considered the existence of entrepreneurial role models at universities to be low. Second, further analyses highlighted that also formal support offerings were less known among female researchers. Originality/value The study highlights organizational barriers for female researchers regarding the development of spin-off creation at UAS, including the different formal and informal conditions for female academics in comparison to their male counterparts.
01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Publikation
From a deliberative to an implementing mindset a process-oriented view of the formation of academic entrepreneurial intention
(Bentham, 20.07.2021) Blaese, Richard; Liebig, Brigitte [in: The Open Psychology Journal]
Background: Previous intention-based research has not considered whether participants are in the motivational or in the actional phase. In turn, this creates a gap of knowledge concerning the cognitive and motivational processes involved in the formation of Entrepreneurial Intention (EI). By applying the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), the present study addresses the formation of EI to commercialize research knowledge, focusing on the transition from motivation to implementation in the context of academia. Methods: Drawing on cross-sectional data of 490 researchers, segmented regression analysis was conducted to analyze the influence of entrepreneurial engagement on EI-growth. Multi-group Structural Equalization Modeling (SEM) was then used to test the moderation effects of engagement on the relationship between motivational factors and entrepreneurial intention. Results and Discussion: The analysis revealed a direct influence of engagement on EI, as well as a threshold of EI-growth per the context of a Rubicon crossing after the initiation of the first gestation action. Our data also show a growing influence of endogenous factors (e.g., attitudes and perceived behavior control) on EI during the venture creation process. The second part of the study contributes by testing the effects of entrepreneurial rewards on TPB-antecedents moderated by engagement. Conclusion: Until today, research mostly relied on cross-sectional data to predict and measure the strength of EI in the phase preceding the launch of a new business without considering whether participants are in the motivational or in the actional phase. Our finding highlights the need to shift from focusing entrepreneurship research solely on intentions to now on the process and implementation perspective.
01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Publikation
Gender, Diversity and Social Robots
(29.06.2021) Liebig, Brigitte
Workshop im Rahmen der Networking Event Series "Collaborative Digital Innovation"
06 - Präsentation