Exploring impact of supersaturated lipid-based drug delivery systems of celecoxib on in vitro permeation across Permeapad Ⓡ membrane and in vivo absorption
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Supersaturated lipid-based drug delivery systems have recently been investigated for oral administration for a variety of lipophilic drugs and have shown either equivalent or superior oral bioavailability compared to conventional non-supersaturated lipid-based drug delivery systems. The aim of the present work was to explore supersaturated versus non-supersaturated lipid-based systems at equivalent lipid doses, on in vivo bioavailability in rats and on in vitro permeation across a biomimetic PermeapadⓇ membrane to establish a potential in vivo - in vitro correlation. A secondary objective was to investigate the influence of lipid composition on in vitro and in vivo performance of lipid systems. Results obtained indicated that increasing the celecoxib load in the lipid-based formulations by thermally-induced supersaturation resulted in increased bioavailability for medium and long chain mono-/di-glycerides systems relative to their non-supersaturated (i.e. 85%) reference formulations, albeit only significant for the medium chain systems. Long chain systems displayed higher celecoxib bioavailability than equivalent medium chain systems, both at supersaturated and non-supersaturated drug loads. In vitro passive permeation of celecoxib was studied using both steady-state and dynamic conditions and correlated well with in vivo pharmacokinetic results with respect to compositional effects. In contrast, permeation studies indicated that flux and percentage permeated of supersaturated systems, either at steady-state or under dynamic conditions, decreased or were unchanged relative to non-supersaturated systems. This study has shown that by using two cell-free PermeapadⓇ permeation models coupled with rat-adapted gastro-intestinal conditions, bio-predictive in vitro tools can be developed to be reflective of in vivo scenarios. With further optimization, such models could be successfully used in pharmaceutical industry settings to rapidly screen various prototype formulations prior to animal studies.