Resilience profiles across context: A latent profile analysis in a German, Greek, and Swiss sample of adolescents

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Authors
Anyan, Frederick
Morote, Roxanna
Hjemdal, Odin
Graf, Ulrike
Rietz, Christian
Chouvati, Raia
Govaris, Christos
Author (Corporation)
Publication date
27.01.2022
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01A - Journal article
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PLOS ONE
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Volume
17
Issue / Number
1
Pages / Duration
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Publisher / Publishing institution
Public Library of Science
Place of publication / Event location
San Francisco
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Abstract
The present study investigated resilience profiles (based on levels of symptoms of anxiety and depression and five dimensions of protective factors) of 1,160 students from Germany (n = 346, 46.0% females, Mage = 12.77, SDage = 0.78), Greece (n = 439, 54.5% females, Mage = 12.68, SDage = 0.69), and Switzerland (n = 375, 44.5% females, Mage = 12.29, SDage = 0.88) using latent profile analyses. We also checked for measurement invariance and investigated the influence of gender and migration on class membership. A three-profilesolution was found for Switzerland (nonresilient 22.1%, moderately resilient 42.9%, untroubled 34.9%), and a four-profile-solution was the best fitting model for Germany (nonresilient 15.7%, moderately resilient 44.2%, untroubled 27.3%, resilient 12.7%) and Greece (nonresilient 21.0%, moderately resilient 30.8%, untroubled 24.9%, resilient 23.3%). Measurement invariance did not hold across the three countries. Profile differences regarding class membership predictions were detected for Germany and Greece, but none for Switzerland. Results implicate that resilience profiles are highly contextually sensitive, and resilience research findings should not be generalized considering the particularity of contexts, people, and outcomes.
Keywords
resilience, mental health, protective factors, anxiety, depression, latent profile analysis, LPA, measurement invariance
Subject (DDC)
300 - Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie
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ISSN
1932-6203
Language
English
Created during FHNW affiliation
Yes
Publication status
Published
Review
Peer review of the complete publication
Open access category
Gold
License
'https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/'
Citation
JANOUSCH, Clarissa, Frederick ANYAN, Wassilis KASSIS, Roxanna MOROTE, Odin HJEMDAL, Petra SIDLER, Ulrike GRAF, Christian RIETZ, Raia CHOUVATI und Christos GOVARIS, 2022. Resilience profiles across context: A latent profile analysis in a German, Greek, and Swiss sample of adolescents. PLOS ONE. 27 Januar 2022. Bd. 17, Nr. 1. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0263089. Verfügbar unter: https://doi.org/10.26041/fhnw-4093

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