Control, anxiety and test performance: Self-reported and physiological indicators of anxiety as mediators

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Autor:innen
Roos, Anna-Lena
Goetz, Thomas
Krannich, Maike
Donker, Monika
Bieleke, Maik
Caltabiano, Anna
Mainhard, Tim
Autor:in (Körperschaft)
Publikationsdatum
29.07.2022
Typ der Arbeit
Studiengang
Typ
01A - Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Herausgeber:innen
Herausgeber:in (Körperschaft)
Betreuer:in
Übergeordnetes Werk
British Journal of Educational Psychology
Themenheft
DOI der Originalpublikation
Link
Reihe / Serie
Reihennummer
Jahrgang / Band
Ausgabe / Nummer
00
Seiten / Dauer
1-18
Patentnummer
Verlag / Herausgebende Institution
Wiley
Verlagsort / Veranstaltungsort
Auflage
Version
Programmiersprache
Abtretungsempfänger:in
Praxispartner:in/Auftraggeber:in
Zusammenfassung
Abstract Background This study investigated the role of different test anxiety components (affective, cognitive, motivational and physiological) as mediators between control and performance as proposed by Pekrun's control-value theory (CVT). While all components were assessed via self-report, the physiological component was additionally assessed via electrodermal activity (EDA). Aims We examined the relative impact of the self-reported anxiety components and EDA in this mediating mechanism to identify the most relevant assessment(s) (i.e., self-reported anxiety components and/or EDA) for predicting test performance. Sample The study comprised 50 eighth graders. Methods Data were collected during a mathematics test comprising six task blocks. State self-reports of control and anxiety components along with test performance and other test emotions were collected block-wise (i.e., repeated assessments within students). EDA was continuously recorded. Results Consistent with CVT, intra-individual mediation analysis with multiple mediators revealed that higher control predicted lower anxiety (i.e., all self-reported components). Unexpectedly, higher control was associated with increased EDA. Follow-up analyses taking other test emotions into account suggested this might reflect positive activation. Correlations between EDA and control and self-reported anxiety components differed depending on which test emotion was dominant in each situation. Regarding test performance, only the cognitive component was a significant mediator and thus seems to play a pivotal role in the relationship between control and performance. Conclusions Distinguishing between anxiety components and including unbiased physiological measures improve our understanding of the mechanisms behind the relationship between test anxiety and performance. Higher physiological arousal may be a sign of anxiety but can also be a sign of positive activation. When aiming to reduce negative effects of anxiety on performance, targeting the cognitive component seems crucial. Implications of these findings for educational and psychological practice are discussed.
Schlagwörter
control-value theory, electrodermal activity, test anxiety components, test performance
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 - Psychologie
Projekt
Veranstaltung
Startdatum der Ausstellung
Enddatum der Ausstellung
Startdatum der Konferenz
Enddatum der Konferenz
Datum der letzten Prüfung
ISBN
ISSN
0007-0998
2044-8279
Sprache
Englisch
Während FHNW Zugehörigkeit erstellt
Ja
Publikationsstatus
Veröffentlicht
Begutachtung
Peer-Review der ganzen Publikation
Open Access-Status
Hybrid
Lizenz
'https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/'
Zitation
ROOS, Anna-Lena, Thomas GOETZ, Maike KRANNICH, Monika DONKER, Maik BIELEKE, Anna CALTABIANO und Tim MAINHARD, 2022. Control, anxiety and test performance: Self-reported and physiological indicators of anxiety as mediators. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 29 Juli 2022. Nr. 00, S. 1–18. DOI 10.1111/bjep.12536. Verfügbar unter: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12536