National unity in cultural diversity: how national and linguistic identities affected Swiss language curricula (1914–1961)
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By the end of the nineteenth century, the relationship between the state, language and schooling had become extremely close: a state was supposed to be “national”, and a real nation was supposed to be monolingual. This paper discusses the theory from the perspective of a multilingual state: Switzerland. In the 1914–1945 period the Swiss state’s multilingualism became part of the Swiss national identity and learning another national language became a matter of patriotic education. However, this new conception did not affect all curricula in the same manner.