Developing a New Method for Investigating Learning Behavior in Learning with Interactive Videos using Log Files
11 - Studentische Arbeit
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Learning videos are a promising opportunity to enable remote learning and enjoy a worldwide increasing popularity. However, due to the remote setting it is diﬃcult to examine students’ learning behavior. Previous research examined learners’ video interaction by focusing on fre-quencies of user interaction (i.e. clicks). However, we assume that investigating meaningful behavior sequences instead of click frequencies can lead to a better understanding of learning behavior. The main goal of this study was to develop a new method to gain deeper insights into learners’ behavior based on their digital footprints (i.e. log ﬁles) when they learned with an enhanced video-based environment. Yet, measuring a latent variable such as learning be-havior is particularly tricky and time consuming. Thus, we developed an application (Logible) based on our method to automatically analyze 92 log ﬁles from one of our prior studies. We contrasted four experimental conditions diﬀering in learning task and learning setting. Results revealed that the learning task (i.e. using annotations or hyperlinks) had a signiﬁcant inﬂuence on learning behavior. Yet, no signiﬁcant inﬂuence caused by the learning setting (i.e. learning individually or collaboratively) was found. Furthermore, we investigated if and how learning strategies from successful and less successful learners diﬀer. Results showed that successful learners more thoroughly planed where to to place annotations or hyperlinks. We conclude that applying Logible led to original ﬁndings and therefore we encourage fellow researchers in the ﬁeld of CSCL to consider working with Logible whenever focusing on broader behavior instead of raw clickstream data.